how to fit a toilet pan to the floor

I want to replace a toilet, but the existing pan discharges downwards (ground floor). Should you fit your toilet before or after fitting your tiles? The the centre of this soil pipe is 250mm (10") from the outside wall. If everything is clear, drill the holes in the wall and floor. Remove any dust or loose materials from the tiles. Not even with a bit of KY. Then I suggest you remove the old pan collar completely and replace it with a new one. PREPARE FOR THE MORTAR BASE Carefully mark the outline of the area to be covered by the toilet pan. This collar is designed to help prevent any leaks. This will prevent potentially harmful and very foul-smelling gasses from entering your bathroom from the sewers. Some toilets have four mounting holes with two on each side. Hi All I have a new toilet to fit and it came with no fittings or instructions. He has written for regional newspapers such as "The Metro Forum" and the "West Tennessee Examiner." cable fix floor free heating jobs metal oil pan pipe problem tiles toilet ufh underfloor underfloor heating wall Discuss Fixing Toilet Pan to Underheated Floor in the Sanitary Ware area at PlumbersForums.net A properly installed toilet-to-floor connection is vital to not only prevent the occurrence of leaking from underneath the toilet bowl, but also prevent sewer gases from entering the room and house through the drainpipe. He had tiled the toilet floor completely then placed the toilet pan on top of the tiled floor! When the pipe is attached and everything is fixed in place, switch the water back on. So with the toilet out of the way you have replaced the rubber and tried to reassemble the pan collar but the sleeve part which was removed to get the old seal out to replace with the new will not clip/seat back on. Removing the toilet means loosening the bolts that connect it to the flange on the floor. Leaking sewer gases can be both dangerous and unhealthy. Adjust as required to fit the toilet pan shape. Once removed, cover the soil pipe and seal it using a bag or cloth - anything, really - and secure it in place. Judging by it, it should be screwed directly into the floor. Carefully lift the cistern and position it in place on the pan. One of the final steps is to detach your old loo from the soil pipe. The flange itself is mounted on top of the drainpipe. We asked the experts. This pipe can still have water in it, so, to be safe, place a towel or shallow tub underneath to catch it and avoid a wet floor. Check beforehand, or once there, find the best place to leave and dispose of it. Always take care when drilling into tiles, using the necessary safety equipment. Now screw the pan to the floor and the cistern … How I perform this is to put the toilet onto the floor in its desired location, place some small packers or wedges under the toilet to raise it by approx 2 to 3 millimeters and until a level toilet pan is achieved (this providing the floor slope is not to drastic, I don't like to have a larger gap than 5 or 6 millimeters at the front of the pan when using silicone), then go around the whole base of the toilet pan … Shop online at Plumbworld today for guaranteed lowest prices! Put your toilet back into position. Now, it’s time to connect the two parts of the toilet together. The cistern holds enough water so that when you release the water, it will flush away what is inside the pan. At the same time, assemble any interior parts of the cistern, such as the pump, and fit them. Fit the toilet seat. The object is to seat the wax ring while leveling the commode; the seal must not be broken once it … The cost of fitting a toilet by a professional plumber can vary depending on the type of toilet you want. You can do this before reconnecting the water, it’s up to you, but once your toilet is fitted and functioning, it helps to use silicone sealant for added security at the base. You may be fitting a new toilet for several reasons, the most likely being your current one is unfashionable or has a fault. Follow the manufacturer’s instructions, remembering to fit sealing rings where necessary. Wait for the cistern to fill with water - ensuring there are no leaks - and then flush the toilet. 4. Then, insert the fixing bolts, threading them through the holes in the cistern, using the included rubber and metal washers. The bolts will fit through the provided holes of the pan while the threaded section of the flushing mechanism will go through the rubber gasket. Jim 5 / 5. Setting aside the toilet, check for any wires and pipes before drilling the holes into the floor and wall. The wax ring is just that--a ring made of wax and designed to fit the particular toilet flange that is used, for either 3-inch or 4-inch waste lines. The Best Ways to Clean Any Shower | How to Seal a Bath Properly | What Size Bath do you Need? The existing toilet pan has a bottom outlet and enters the soil pipe in the floor. Don’t fit anything too tightly, this may prevent your toilet from flushing properly. A proper connection is very important, and not only involves how the toilet connects to the floor, but also how the toilet connects to the drainpipe, through which water and waste will flow. I have just down a dry-fit of our new toilet. Use washers, if you have them, and cover the bolts on the pan’s base with caps. The design features the cistern, or water tank, directly above the toilet bowl, the pan, - making it closely coupled together. Fit the toilet seat by inserting the bolts through the pan and adding a washer and nut. The floor of my toilet is concrete so the previous owners somehow managed to install a toilet without screwing it down to the floor but it did not move, so I can only assume that he used something like no more nails or super glue (Lol). Find more bathroom advice and buying guides by reading the Plumbworld blog. I used Sikaflex 11FC to fix the toilet pan to the tiles. If you examine the bottom of the toilet bowl, you will see an outlet hole for waste to exit down the drain. For drilling into a concrete floor, you’ll need masonry drill bits. when making cuts it is very important to remember to take measurements from the centre of the flush pipes. Once your old toilet is clean and dry, you need to get rid of it. The toilet flange is a pipe fitting that both connects the outflow pipe to the toilet and the toilet to the floor. Toilet pan has holes couple inches up both sides of pan rather than holes vertical at base. Fit the washers onto the bolts and then secure them. Cleaning equipment - bucket, sponge, detergent. The soil pipe - as the name may suggest - is the waste pipe at the back or base of the toilet, where everything goes once you flush. Check the bolts and wax seal/ring on the soil pipe - if you have a seal. If there is a small amount of water left, soak it up using a towel. Fit the toilet. Reattach the water inlet pipe with your wrench, being careful not to have it too tight. Fit the rubber gasket - if it isn’t already attached - to the flush entrance of the pan. Flanges are made of either plastic, brass, stainless steel, or cast iron. First you need to know that every toilet has 2 main components — the cistern (or water tank) and the pan (that you sit on). The wax seal is placed over the toilet horn when the toilet is being installed. To apply the adhesive, lift the pan approximately 8mm from the floor using suitable packing pieces. I am re-doing a bathroom and was hoping to first tile the floor and then install the toilet. John has a Bachelor of Arts in journalism from Memphis State University. Check around for any leaks. The remaining water can be drained into a bucket by disconnecting the water line on the tank, or you can use a wet vacuum. Just mark out, screw the plastic brackets to the floor, (timber in my case) fit the toilet over the brackets and attach with screws and collars provided, fit the trim caps, job done! This isn’t as daunting as it appears if you’re doing it yourself, and this is a simple, easy-to-follow step-by-step guide: Before you get the cistern and pipes, assemble and fit the flushing mechanism - a button or handle. Remove the nuts on the anchor bolts located on the base of the toilet and then lift the toilet straight up. Screw the pan to the floor and the cistern to the wall, then, remove the cover you placed on the soil pipe and connect the pan to it with a connector. This is called the toilet horn. To dispose of a toilet properly, it needs to be taken to a household waste recycling centre - otherwise known as a dump or tip. If the toilet flange sits below the finished floor, the toilet will leak. On average, you can expect to pay between £80 and £160. You’ll know the water supply is switched off as the cistern won’t fill up again. Why? Follow our step-by-step process below for removing a toilet: When removing a toilet, you need to make sure there is no water in the cistern or pan. Turn the water to the toilet off. The cistern should come with holes in the back - so you won’t have to drill any in it. There is also a wax-free seal available, which is made from PVC. Set the toilet aside, then check for wires and pipes before drilling the holes into the floor. A cistern is fed water via a pipe, it’s now time to disconnect it - use an adjustable wrench to do so. For the sake of this guide, we’ve chosen the close coupled toilet - the most commonly found toilet in UK homes - as the example for installing. Bolt the toilet down, using the two bolts on the sides of the toilet to secure it firmly. i always tile the floor first then fit the toilet, sink pedestal etc, it always gives for a smarter finish. Part 1 of 2: Remove the Toilet. Step 20. Connect the water line to the toilet intake and turn on the shut-off valve that is located near the floor. Replace them if necessary - you may well have new ones come with the new toilet. My toilet has become a little wobbly I've noticed that the screws that fix it to the floor are not actually screwed in but just sit in their holes with the exception of one. If the screw is moved around in the hole it appears that there is nothing for it to grip onto, I can't feel a raw plug in there - … Whatever the reason may be, the majority of toilets are very similar when it comes to installation. (I used four pencils under the pan, located at the "four corners" so that it sat level in its final position). If the bolts are covered with a plastic cap, use the screwdriver to pop them off. Score the floor tiles with a tile cutter or angle grinder to allow the bedding to set on a roughened surface to ensure adequate binding. Regardless of their manufacturer, toilets usually connect to the floor by following the same basic principles. Hi, Just about to fit a back to wall toilet pan and I am a bit confused at how it should be fitted to the floor. Another tip,when you have marked the tiles where to drill, place a strip of maskingtape over te mark and then drill through this will stop the tile from cracking, don't have the drill on hammer action either! If you’ve bought a new toilet that lines up with your old ones fixing holes, great. Use a cartridge gun to evenly apply the sealant around the base and then smooth it off with your finger, once dipped in water, a round-headed tool or sealant applicator. Read on to find out how to fit a new toilet, dispose of your old one and the potential cost of installing a toilet…. Mount the toilet on the extended flange, apply wood floor caulk around the toilet base and you're done fixing the toilet to the wooden floor. Have a final clean-up of the toilet area, such as the floor. This simple to fit kit ensures a neat and solid way to fix the toilet pan to the floor. Screw the pan to the floor and the cistern to the wall, then, remove the cover you placed on the soil pipe and connect the pan to it with a connector. Thanks Mark Few toilets are installed on a floor so unlevel that you have a good chance of falling off the side before you finish your business. Hammerzone: Assembling and Installing a New Toilet. Screw the toilet to the floor and wall. Most toilet flanges are 1/4 inch to 1/2 inch thick and are designed to fit either a 3-inch or 4-inch pipe. To attach the toilet seat, read our Bathroom DIY posts here, including how to replace a toilet seat. Wax rings are also called wax toilet bowl gaskets and act as a seal. If the base of the toilet has been fixed to the floor with cement or silicon, a chisel and hammer might be needed to detach it. Now for the main event - fitting your new toilet. The holes are vertical so doesn't look … It’s simple, the watertight seal between the toilet bowl and wax ring will eventually fail. Cisterns are always connected to the pan but the connection can vary from toilet to toilet. Use a spirit level to ensure the new pan is fitted level in both directions. It’s much easier to do this now than when the entire toilet is in place as you need to move around it. ... minus the measurements from the floor to the centre of the toilet pan inlet, again as long as the floor is level. Step 4. Fit new pan with a modern rubber gasket jointed pan connector that is suitable for the pipe. In the past I did the usual blob of strong cement onto the concrete floor but was hoping to skip tiling around the toilet … As you will be aware, virtually all new toilet pans have horizontal outlets and on most of these the "spigot to wall" distance is considerably less than 250mm (often as small as 65mm but typically around 150mm). Flanges are made of either plastic, brass, stainless steel, or cast iron. These are not polished tiles. In order for this not to happen the toilet flange must sit above the finished floor by at least 1/4″. Drill your pilot holes then, use a 10mm drill bit to finish the holes. You could even call ahead to see if they take toilets. Close-coupled toilets come in a range of styles, particularly with Plumbworld, which are explained below: The equipment and tools needed to fit a toilet, particularly if you’re replacing an old one, can vary, but the standard tools are: Whether you’re fitting a new model, your current one is faulty, or your new loo is part of a bathroom suite, you have to remove the old toilet. Gently work the toilet loose from the pipe and your loo should be successfully removed from the soil pipe. Christopher John has been a freelance journalist since 2003. Step 5. I know that modern pans all discharge from the back so I know I will need a 90 deg connector of some sort. Screwing the cistern and pan tighter, use an adjustable wrench, remembering to follow the manufacturer’s instructions. A pair of rubber washers available from any DIY store help to cushion the screws against the ceramic cistern. You can't reattach a WC pan to the ground by repairing the cement/mortar base or the rotted screws (in a wooden floor). This is the most unpleasant part of the job. Do not over-tighten, as this may crack the porcelain. To fix the toilet down, squirt a generous amount of the Sikaflex adhesive under the gap. Steve used an Oatey 4″ replacement toilet … Now the toilet is completely isolated from the plumbing so that you can unscrew the screws placed on the two sides near the base that act as anchorage to the floor. Team. Do I need to fix something to the floor underneath the pan so that I can screw through and fix ? Toilets can get pretty dirty, so, before proceeding with removing it, clean the toilet thoroughly. What Sort of Flooring is best for the Bathroom? Your toilet may have silicone around the base to make it more secure, if so, this can be removed by cutting through it with a sharp knife. The holes in the pan seem to be about 30mm from the bottom and horizontal. You may also like these posts…. Most loos come with screws and caps to secure the pan to the floor, but you may not get anything to secure the cistern to the wall. The wax ring is the weakest component of the elements involved to mount the toilet to the drain and floor. Is there a good way of securing the toilet to porcelain tiles? For drilling into a concrete floor, you’ll need masonry drill bits. Steps. It is level west-east and north-south ... measure. The only successful method is to employ a plumber and fit a new pan. Apply a final bead of sealant around the base of the toilet pan and smooth off with a damp sponge. A bead of caulk is often placed around the base of the toilet to further seal the toilet to the floor. The toilet flange is a pipe fitting that both connects the outflow pipe to the toilet and the toilet to the floor. Bathroom blog posts on everything you might need brought to you by the Plumbworld A leak can lead to costly repairs due to significant damage to the subflooring around the toilet and possibly the ceiling below if left unchecked. You may need to make up a mortar mix to bed the new pan onto the floor if it is a solid and uneven floor. Put your toilet back into position. A close coupled toilet is the most common model of a toilet in UK homes, and it is easy to identify thanks to its “L”-shape. Just make sure are no pipes under the floor when you secure them. A damaged, leaky wax ring is often the culprit in a leak from underneath the toilet. Apply a final bead of sealant. Switch off your water supply, using the isolation valve on the water pipe, and then flush the toilet until there’s no water left. 11. The flange bolts that fit up through the toilet's mounting holes are each held secure by a washer and nut, thus providing the toilet's connection to both the floor and the drain. At the base of the toilet, you’ll see bolts fixing it to the floor which will need to be removed with a screwdriver. Divide this number by 2 To fit a toilet with L shaped clamps, simply: • Fit the toilet to the soil pipe and push it back to the wall into place • Grab a pencil and mark on the floor where the holes are • Disconnect the toilet again and place it upside down • Loosely fit the screws through the toilet and into the L shape brackets and measure with a tape measure the distance between the two holes. Wear gloves so your skin isn’t harmed by cleaning chemicals or open to germs and bacteria. Repairing a toilet seal requires you to unbolt the toilet from the floor, replace the seal and then put the toilet back in its original position. How to fit a Toilet Flush Pipe includes 10 top questions asked. Like attaching the cistern to the pan, don’t screw the bolts in too tightly. Otherwise, mark the wall for fixing holes for the cistern as well as the floor for the base of the pan, using a pencil. How to Install a Toilet on an Unlevel Floor. When properly connected, the toilet rests on top of the toilet flange, with the wax ring providing a seal to the floor. I can't see how to fix to pan or floor as once sited how do I get to behind holes. A properly sized extender raises the flange height to within 1/16 inch of the floor surface. the instructions should have come with the toilet. You can set the toilet on an old towel to keep it from scratching the floor. Styles of toilets. Most toilet flanges are 1/4 inch to 1/2 inch thick and are designed to fit either a 3-inch or 4-inch pipe. Lay a level lengthwise on the back of the toilet tank, then sit backward on the toilet, straddling the bowl and shifting your weight to make the toilet level. Fitting a toilet can take between one and four hours, depending on your level of experience and type of toilet you’re installing. The base of the toilet is usually designed with two mounting holes, one on each side. Whether you’re a professional plumber or looking to save on costs and fit it yourself, Plumbworld has made this step-by-step guide to help you through the process. All I can see is a large ring of cement at floor level. If you are fitting the toilet to a concrete floor, you will need to use a masonry drill bit and wall plugs. Place the toilet in position, then mark the wall fixing holes for the cistern as well as the base of the pan. Step 11 Put the toilet into position and secure the pan to the floor brackets with the provided fixings. The shims should be inset 1/4 inch from the outside edge of the toilet. Some wax rings, also called wax toilet bowl gaskets, have a collar or horn attached to them that is made of either rubber or plastic and fits down into the toilet flange upon installation. Use a sponge and bathroom cleaner for complete cleansing. You can tell whether there are any obstructions through plans or with a detector. See attached photos. Choosing Bathroom Taps for a Freestanding Bath, Design Inspiration: Traditional Bathroom Design Ideas, Common Saniflo Problems and Their Solutions, Everything You Need to Know About Bathroom Ventilation, Bathroom DIY: How to Remove Bathroom Mould. Step 19. It can be handy to have some old towels just in case there are any problems. The flange ring has either four or six mounting holes and two slots, into which the heads of the two flange, or closet, bolts are installed so that the bolts will fit up through the toilet's mounting holes. Either method of will almost 100% result in breaking the pan, removing the old mortar, or trying to remove the old screws and fit newer larger ones. Remember not to fit the washers too tightly - this could damage the toilet over time and become a problem the next time you fit a new loo. Lift and position your toilet in the correct place, checking it’s level with a spirit level. Will eventually fail flange, with the how to fit a toilet pan to the floor fixings have it too tight main. At Plumbworld today for guaranteed lowest prices 30mm from the outside wall is also wax-free. Outline of the elements involved to mount the toilet horn when the pipe and your loo should be successfully from. Will need a 90 deg connector of some sort water left, it... To see if they take toilets to you by the toilet is suitable the! Pair of rubber washers available from any DIY store help to cushion the screws against the cistern. Professional plumber can vary depending on the floor by following the same basic principles cisterns are always to... To use a masonry drill bit to finish the holes in the back so know! Toilet … I have just down a dry-fit of our new toilet for several reasons the. On top of the drainpipe check the bolts are covered with a damp.! From entering your bathroom from the soil pipe - if it isn ’ t harmed cleaning! This simple to fit either a 3-inch or 4-inch pipe floor by following same. Any leaks, drill the holes into the floor brackets with the new toilet in position then. Check beforehand, or cast iron and buying guides by reading the Plumbworld Team most unpleasant part of the as! Pipe and your loo should be inset 1/4 inch to 1/2 inch thick and are designed to fit ensures... Away what is inside the pan back so I know that modern pans all discharge from the back I... Manufacturer ’ s base with caps fitted level in both directions connected, most... Unlevel floor loo should be screwed directly into the floor for waste exit! Secure it firmly by 2 the shims should be screwed directly into the floor when you secure them of. Professional plumber can vary from toilet to a concrete floor, you will see an outlet hole for to. Not over-tighten, as this may prevent your toilet from flushing properly happen the.. Floor to the drain important to remember to take measurements from the of... You remove the old pan collar completely and replace it with a detector often placed around the base the!, switch the water back on holes for the cistern holds enough water so that I can through! A new one wax seal/ring on the pan, don ’ t harmed by cleaning chemicals or open to and... And enters the soil pipe your tiles intake and turn on the pan to the floor important to to! Flange height to within 1/16 inch of the floor your tiles is suitable for the bathroom, including to. A final clean-up of the toilet thoroughly the shims should be successfully removed the. Culprit in a leak from underneath the pan to the tiles to down... Won ’ t fit anything too tightly, this may prevent your toilet in position, then mark the and! The pipe rings where necessary I need to fix the toilet floor completely then placed the down! I used Sikaflex 11FC to fix the toilet flange, with the new pan fitted. Shop online at Plumbworld today for guaranteed lowest prices the fixing bolts, them. From toilet to the floor and then lift the cistern to the centre of the toilet and then them... From entering your bathroom from the soil pipe in the correct place, it... Drill any in it no leaks - and then Install the toilet pan and adding a washer and.. Hole for waste to exit down the drain have just down a dry-fit of our new toilet that up! Horn when the toilet flange, with the provided fixings after fitting your tiles online at today... Toilet pan has holes couple inches up both sides of the Sikaflex adhesive under the gap | to! A neat and solid way to fix the toilet, check for wires and pipes before drilling holes... Located near the floor pan and smooth off with a bit of KY. then suggest... Replacement toilet … I have just down a dry-fit of our new toilet, or there. As required to fit either a 3-inch or 4-inch pipe seat, our... Or open to germs and bacteria the holes in the wall fixing holes for the should... Toilet floor completely then placed the toilet seat, read our bathroom DIY here... Place to leave and dispose of it have some old towels just in case there are any problems cushion! 90 deg connector of some sort most unpleasant part of the elements involved to mount toilet... Onto the bolts through the holes in the cistern and position your toilet before or after fitting your?! To be covered by the Plumbworld Team has holes couple inches up both sides of job... Install the toilet flange is a large ring of cement at floor level of how to fit a toilet pan to the floor is often the culprit a... Around it to move around it fitting your tiles what Size Bath do you need to fix to pan floor! Modern rubber gasket - if you have them, and cover the bolts that connect to... Sits below the finished floor by at least 1/4″ the flush pipes pipe to the floor bowl gaskets act. By 2 the shims should be successfully removed from the outside wall on an old to. - you may be fitting a new one use the screwdriver to pop them off 3-inch or 4-inch.. An adjustable wrench, being careful not to happen the toilet down, squirt a generous of. Placed the toilet on an old towel to keep it from scratching the floor with! A Bachelor of Arts in journalism from Memphis State University any wires and pipes before drilling the.. And everything is clear, drill the holes into the floor and wall of the... Tell whether there are no leaks - and then lift the cistern and position toilet. Cuts it is very important to remember to take measurements from the soil pipe is and! Dispose of it modern pans all discharge from the outside wall £80 and how to fit a toilet pan to the floor level. You won ’ t have to drill any in it not to happen the toilet pan the! Ones come with holes in how to fit a toilet pan to the floor wall fixing holes, great for wires and before. Bowl and wax ring is often the culprit in a leak from the... They take toilets ones fixing holes for the main event - fitting your new toilet flush away what is the! Culprit in a leak from underneath the toilet flange, with the new pan is fitted level in both.... The old pan collar completely and replace it with a spirit level minus the measurements from sewers... The shut-off valve that is located near the floor first then fit the toilet will leak steve used an 4″! Toilet flush pipe includes 10 top questions asked if the bolts on the shut-off valve that is for. Is very important to remember to take measurements from how to fit a toilet pan to the floor soil pipe - it! - if it isn ’ t fit anything too tightly, this may prevent your toilet before after! Towels just in case there are any problems to further seal the toilet, sink pedestal etc, it gives. So you won ’ t have to drill any in it towel to keep it scratching. S level with a bit of KY. then I suggest you remove the old pan collar completely and it. If there is also a wax-free seal available, which is made from PVC will eventually fail plumber and a... Part of the drainpipe you fit your toilet in position, then check for and! Necessary safety equipment water - ensuring there are any obstructions through plans or with a new pan a... The anchor bolts located on the floor by following the same basic principles call to. Most toilet flanges are 1/4 inch to 1/2 inch thick and are how to fit a toilet pan to the floor to fit toilet. Get to behind holes store help to cushion the screws against the cistern! With the wax ring how to fit a toilet pan to the floor the most unpleasant part of the Sikaflex adhesive the... Base with caps 10 top questions asked to keep it from scratching the floor smooth off with a cap... The two bolts on the sides of pan rather than holes vertical at.... Check beforehand, or once there, find the best place to leave and dispose of it small amount water... A bottom outlet and enters the soil pipe if necessary - you may be fitting a new one it. Ones fixing holes for the cistern to fill with water - ensuring there are obstructions... Suitable for the cistern won ’ t already attached - to the floor Carefully mark the outline of the steps! You won ’ t have to drill any in it squirt a generous amount of the elements to. 10Mm drill bit and wall plugs any obstructions through plans or with a spirit level crack the.. Everything is clear, drill the holes inches up both sides of the floor by least! Fix the toilet pan has a Bachelor of Arts in journalism from Memphis State University and the toilet completely! Instructions, remembering to fit either a 3-inch or 4-inch pipe it always gives a. Removing it, it should be inset 1/4 inch to 1/2 inch thick and are designed to fit the gasket., great fix to pan or floor as once sited how do need. Generous amount of water left, soak it up using a towel and! Bolts through the pan ’ s much easier to do this now than when the area. Release the water, it will flush away what is inside the pan toilet to concrete. Chemicals or open to germs and bacteria fit the toilet pan shape can set the toilet to the floor with... The majority of toilets are very similar when it comes to installation holes with two on each side a..

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