caesar commentaries english translation

Il commence par un terrifiant portrait des Suèves, peuple aussi dangereux par son caractère belliqueux que p… 14,000 Caesar’s speech on that occasion.—XLI. 44 Ariovistus briefly replied to the demands of Caesar; but expatiated largely on his own virtues, “that he had crossed the Rhine not of his own accord, but on being invited and sent for by the Gauls; that he had not left home and kindred without great expectations and great rewards; that he had settlements in Gaul, granted by the Gauls themselves; that the hostages had been given by their good-will; that he took by right of war the tribute which conquerors are accustomed to impose on the conquered; that he had not made war upon the Gauls, but the Gauls upon him; that all the states of Gaul came to attack him, and had encamped against him; that all their forces had been routed and beaten by him in a single battle; that if they chose to make a second trial, he was ready to encounter them again; but if they chose to enjoy peace, it was unfair to refuse the tribute, which of their own free-will they had paid up to that time. It gets 5 stars, but be aware that it is as difficult to read in English as it is in Latin, so don't expect an easy, or easy-to-fol. Caesar leads off his forces to the next hill, [and] draws them up in battle-order. 51 The day following, Caesar left what seemed sufficient as a guard for both camps; [and then] drew up all the auxiliaries in sight of the enemy, before the lesser camp, because he was not very powerful in the number of legionary soldiers, considering the number of the enemy; that [thereby] he might make use of his auxiliaries for appearance. The Helvetii, being worsted, offer a surrender, but some clandestinely return home.—XXVIII.-XXIX. Translation of: De bello Gallico / J. Caesar Addeddate 2008-10-13 14:14:52 Call number … 11 The Helvetii had by this time led their forces over through the narrow defile and the territories of the Sequani, and had arrived at the territories of the Aedui, and were ravaging their lands. As to Caesar’s threatening him, that he would not overlook the wrongs of the Aedui, [he said] that no one had ever entered into a contest with him [Ariovistus] without utter ruin to himself. In short, that these were the same men whom the Helvetii, in frequent encounters, not only in their own territories, but also in theirs [the German], have generally vanquished, and yet can not have been a match for our army. He informed him too, how old and how just were the grounds of connection that existed between themselves [the Romans] and the Aedui, what decrees of the senate had been passed in their favor, and how frequent and how honorable; how from time immemorial the Aedui had held the supremacy of the whole of Gaul; even [said Caesar] before they had sought our friendship; that it was the custom of the Roman people to desire not only that its allies and friends should lose none of their property, but be advanced in influence, dignity, and honor: who then could endure that what they had brought with them to the friendship of the Roman people should be torn from them?” He then made the same demands which he had commissioned the embassadors to make, that [Ariovistus] should not make war either upon the Aedui or their allies, that he should restore the hostages; that if he could not send back to their country any part of the Germans, he should at all events suffer none of them any more to cross the Rhine. Caesar did not reject the proposal and began to think that he was now returning to a rational state of mind as he spontaneously proffered that which he had previously refused to him when requesting it; and was in great hopes that, in consideration of his own and the Roman people’s great favors toward him, the issue would be that he would desist from his obstinacy upon his demands being made known. They could build a fleet in thirty days! After the fight had lasted some time, our men gained possession of their baggage and camp. McDevitte and W.S. The day following he led his forces past Caesar’s camp, and encamped two miles beyond him; with this design,—that he might cut off Caesar from the corn and provisions, which might be conveyed to him from the Sequani and the Aedui. His soldiers hurling their javelins from the higher ground, easily broke the enemy’s phalanx. The Commentaries themselves are followed by extensive notes cross-referred to the translation and a detailed index. The battle was vigorously maintained on both sides till the evening. What’s so special about NoSweatShakespeare’s modern English translation of Julius Caesar? William Duncan. He said when he was young he could read and write Latin as well as he could Greek. St. Louis. 1856. And when this was done, one of the soldiers of the tenth legion said, not without a touch of humor, “that Caesar did more for them than he had promised; he had promised to have the tenth legion in place of his praetorian cohort; but he now converted them into horse.” 48 The same day he moved his camp forward and pitched under a hill six miles from Caesar’s camp. Caesar’s politic answer.—XV. At sunset, after many wounds had been inflicted and received, Ariovistus led back his forces into camp. This first arose from the tribunes of the soldiers, the prefects and the rest, who, having followed Caesar from the city [Rome] from motives of friendship, had no great experience in military affairs. Cicero: Commentary and Readings In Latin and English By Moses Hadas 1956 Longus - Daphnis and Chloe (Read By Moses Hadas from His Translation) This circumstance indeed afforded Caesar no less pleasure than the victory itself; because he saw a man of the first rank in the province of Gaul, his intimate acquaintance and friend, rescued from the hand of the enemy, and restored to him, and that fortune had not diminished aught of the joy and exultation [of that day] by his destruction. They requested that they might be allowed to proclaim an assembly of the whole of Gaul for a particular day, and to do that with Caesar’s permission, [stating] that they had some things which, with the general consent, they wished to ask of him. The completed draft of Caesar’s De Bello Gallico Book 1 is being completely revised and reformatted to produce a 2017 edition of Caesar’s Helvetian Campaign.New revisions of the Helvetian Campaign will appear throughout the Fall of 2017. Arthur Tappan Walker's edition of 1907 (with grammatical commentary, vocabulary, and syntax review) is linked here: de … Edwards and Bushnell. The consequence would be, that in a few years they would all be driven from the territories of Gaul, and all the Germans would cross the Rhine; for neither must the land of Gaul be compared with the land of the Germans, nor must the habit of living of the latter be put on a level with that of the former. If these things were to be disclosed to Ariovistus, [Divitiacus adds] that he doubts not that he would inflict the most severe punishment on all the hostages who are in his possession, [and says] that Caesar could, either by his own influence and by that of his army, or by his late victory, or by name of the Roman people, intimidate him, so as to prevent a greater number of Germans being brought over the Rhine, and could protect all Gaul from the outrages of Ariovistus.” 43 There was a large plain, and in it a mound of earth of considerable size. 3 Induced by these considerations, and influenced by the authority of Orgetorix, they determined to provide such things as were necessary for their expedition-to buy up as great a number as possible of beasts of burden and wagons-to make their sowings as large as possible, so that on their march plenty of corn might be in store-and to establish peace and friendship with the neighboring states. (The problems of frequent moving as a military brat), Well, the version I read was "War Commentaries of Caesar" translated by Rex Warner, and not the one pictured with this review. Gaius Julius Caesar (13 July 100 BC – 15 March 44 BC), known as Julius Caesar, was a Roman politician, general, and notable author of Latin prose. Commentaries of Caesar on The Gallic War: Interlinear Translation of the First Seven Books by Caesar, Caius Julius. ]), he makes this recompense to [Caesar] himself and the Roman people, [viz.] There are no discussion topics on this book yet. Meanwhile, as ambassadors were being often sent to and fro between them, Ariovistus demanded that Caesar should not bring any foot-soldier with him to the conference, [saying] that “he was afraid of being ensnared by him through treachery; that both should come accompanied by cavalry; that he would not come on any other condition.” Caesar, as he neither wished that the conference should, by an excuse thrown in the way, be set aside, nor durst trust his life to the cavalry of the Gauls, decided that it would be most expedient to take away from the Gallic cavalry all their horses, and thereon to mount the legionary soldiers of the tenth legion, in which he placed the greatest confidence, in order that he might have a body-guard as trustworthy as possible, should there be any need for action. During the third watch he orders Titus Labienus, his lieutenant with praetorian powers, to ascend to the highest ridge of the mountain with two legions, and with those as guides who had examined the road; he explains what his plan is. Home : Browse and Comment: Search : Buy Books and CD-ROMs: Help : The Gallic Wars By Julius Caesar Translated by W. A. McDevitte and W. S. Bohn. Told by Caesar in the 3rd person, the book is a grand enunciation of what he did and how he did it without any of the man shining through. The disclosures of Liscus respecting Dumnorix.—XX. ("All Gaul is divided into three parts...") Some of this force and. Napoleon in places detects mistakes on the part of Caesar and his enemies, and says what they should have done differently. But I do not remember reading it. When, at length, the day was far advanced, Caesar learned through spies, that the mountain was in possession of his own men, and that the Helvetii had moved their camp, and that Considius, struck with fear, had reported to him, as seen, that which he had not seen. No reply did the Sequani make, but silently continued in the same sadness. That these things were his concern; that the Sequani, the Leuci, and the Lingones were to furnish the corn; and that it was already ripe in the fields; that as to the road they would soon be able to judge for themselves. I have read a few other histories that included this time period. He had an incredible grasp of both the strategy and tactics of war, seemed to sense the mood of his cohorts and centurions, at will could grasp the political dynamics of wherever he was and had a mastery of the logistics of battle from what ground to occupy to where water and victuals could best be had. 6 There were in all two routes, by which they could go forth from their country one through the Sequani narrow and difficult, between Mount Jura and the river Rhone (by which scarcely one wagon at a time could be led; there was, moreover, a very high mountain overhanging, so that a very few might easily intercept them; the other, through our Province, much easier and freer from obstacles, because the Rhone flows between the boundaries of the Helvetii and those of the Allobroges, who had lately been subdued, and is in some places crossed by a ford. After enjoying Adrian Goldsworthy's biography of Caesar I thought that I'd read both books by the man himself. On these they placed their women, who, with disheveled hair and in tears, entreated the soldiers, as they went forward to battle, not to deliver them into slavery to the Romans. 14 To these words Caesar thus replied:—that “on that very account he felt less hesitation, because he kept in remembrance those circumstances which the Helvetian embassadors had mentioned, and that he felt the more indignant at them, in proportion as they had happened undeservedly to the Roman people: for if they had been conscious of having done any wrong, it would not have been difficult to be on their guard, but for that very reason had they been deceived, because neither were they aware that any offense had been given by them, on account of which they should be afraid, nor did they think that they ought to be afraid without cause. Let us know what’s wrong with this preview of, Published There some few, either relying on their strength, endeavored to swim over, or, finding boats, procured their safety. Bohn. Caesar's Commentaries on the Gallic war : literally translated, with explanatory notes by Caesar, Julius . A mountain of great height shuts in the remaining space, which is not more than 600 feet, where the river leaves a gap, in such a manner that the roots of that mountain extend to the river’s bank on either side. All that being said, this book is sheer drudgery. After these had been violently struggling with one another for the superiority for many years, it came to pass that the Germans were called in for hire by the Arverni and the Sequani. Ariovistus all this time kept his army in camp: but engaged daily in cavalry skirmishes. Being greatly alarmed at these things, Caesar thought that he ought to use all dispatch, lest, if this new band of Suevi should unite with the old troops of Ariovistus, he [Ariovistus] might be less easily withstood. At sunset, after many wounds had been inflicted and received, Ariovistus led back his forces into camp. A mountain of great height shuts in the remaining space, which is not more than 600 feet, where the river leaves a gap, in such a manner that the roots of that mountain extend to the river’s bank on either side. When he found that they did not even then come out [from their intrenchments], he led back his army into camp about noon. Moreover, [as for] Ariovistus, no sooner did he defeat the forces of the Gauls in a battle which took place at Magetobria, than [he began] to lord it haughtily and cruelly, to demand as hostages the children of all the principal nobles, and wreak on them every kind of cruelty, if every thing was not done at his nod or pleasure; that he was a savage, passionate, and reckless man, and that his commands could no longer be borne. As it ought not to be pardoned in him, if he were to make an attack upon our territories; so, likewise, that we were unjust, to obstruct him in his prerogative. But if through the Roman people the tribute was to be discontinued, and those who surrendered to be seduced from him, he would renounce the friendship of the Roman people no less heartily than he had sought it. As to his leading over a host of Germans into Gaul, that he was doing this with a view of securing himself, not of assaulting Gaul: that there was evidence of this, in that he did not come without being invited, and in that he did not make war, but merely warded it off. Of the two books which he composed on Analogy, and those under the title of Anti-Cato, scarcely any fragment is preserved; but we may be assured of the justness of the observations on language, which were made by an author so much distinguished by the excellence of his own compositions. Remarkably, this is thought to be the first full English translation of Napoleon's work. Of that enemy a trial had been made within our fathers’ recollection, when, on the defeat of the Cimbri and Teutones by Caius Marius, the army was regarded as having deserved no less praise than their commander himself. Commentaries of Caesar on the Gallic War;: The original text reduced to the natural English order, with a literal interlinear translation of the first seven books (Classic interlinear translations) [Julius Caesar] on Amazon.com. For these reasons he appointed Titus Labienus, his lieutenant, to the command of the fortification which he had made. This circumstance is reported to the enemy by some deserters from Lucius Aemilius, a captain, of the Gallic horse. In discussing this book with my some members of my family, my husband said he read it in Latin when he was in elementary school in Greece. Meanwhile, as ambassadors were being often sent to and fro between them, Ariovistus demanded that Caesar should not bring any foot-soldier with him to the conference, [saying] that “he was afraid of being ensnared by him through treachery; that both should come accompanied by cavalry; that he would not come on any other condition.” Caesar, as he neither wished that the conference should, by an excuse thrown in the way, be set aside, nor durst trust his life to the cavalry of the Gauls, decided that it would be most expedient to take away from the Gallic cavalry all their horses, and thereon to mount the legionary soldiers of the tenth legion, in which he placed the greatest confidence, in order that he might have a body-guard as trustworthy as possible, should there be any need for action. Labienus, as he had been ordered by Caesar not to come to an engagement unless [Caesar’s] own forces were seen near the enemy’s camp, that the attack upon the enemy might be made on every side at the same time, was, after having taken possession of the mountain, waiting for our men, and refraining from battle. There were 6,000 horse, and as many very active and courageous foot, one of whom each of the horse selected out of the whole army for his own protection. When they could no longer withstand the attacks of our men, the one division, as they had begun to do, betook themselves to the mountain; the other repaired to their baggage and wagons. 28 But when Caesar discovered this, he commanded those through whose territory they had gone, to seek them out and to bring them back again, if they meant to be acquitted before him; and considered them, when brought back, in the light of enemies; he admitted all the rest to a surrender, upon their delivering up the hostages, arms, and deserters. Thither, as had been appointed, they came for the conference. 42 Upon being apprized of Caesar’s arrival, Ariovistus sends embassadors to him, [saying] that what he had before requested as to a conference, might now, as far as his permission went, take place, since he [Caesar] had approached nearer, and he considered that he might now do it without danger. After having routed these in several battles, he arrives in the territories of the Vocontii in the Further Province on the seventh day from Ocelum, which is the most remote town of the Hither Province; thence he leads his army into the country of the Allobroges, and from the Allobroges to the Segusiani. The man conquered and re-conquered Africa(carthage), Spain and Germany(Gaul),Britannica, and Egypt. The Romans having faced about, advanced to the attack in two divisions; the first and second line, to withstand those who had been defeated and driven off the field; the third to receive those who were just arriving. Ariovistus then demanded that they should confer on horseback, and that, besides themselves, they should bring with them ten men each to the conference. 368,000 It's really cool to read the actual words of Caesar. This complete edition of Caesar's Commentaries contains all eight of Caesar's books on the Gallic War as well as all three of his books on the Civil War masterfully translated into English by John Warrington(about 1958). For five successive days from that day, Caesar drew out his forces before the camp, and put them in battle order, that, if Ariovistus should be willing to engage in battle, an opportunity might not be wanting to him. Running Core Vocab Flashcards in PowerPoint format (.zip, .ppt, 881 kb) rev. This circumstance indeed afforded Caesar no less pleasure than the victory itself; because he saw a man of the first rank in the province of Gaul, his intimate acquaintance and friend, rescued from the hand of the enemy, and restored to him, and that fortune had not diminished aught of the joy and exultation [of that day] by his destruction. Unless there was some aid in Caesar and the Roman people, the Gauls must all do the same thing that the Helvetii have done, [viz.] As to its being reported that the soldiers would not be obedient to command, or advance, he was not at all disturbed at that; for he knew, that in the case of all those whose army had not been obedient to command, either upon some mismanagement of an affair, fortune had deserted them, or, that upon some crime being discovered, covetousness had been clearly proved [against them]. What [said he] does [Caesar] desire?—why come into his [Ariovistus] domains?—that this was his province of Gaul, just as that is ours. Wills were sealed universally throughout the whole camp. This he did, chiefly, on this account, because he was unwilling that the country, from which the Helvetii had departed, should be untenanted, lest the Germans, who dwell on the other side of the Rhine, should, on account of the excellence of the lands, cross over from their own territories into those of the Helvetii, and become borderers upon the province of Gaul and the Allobroges. My sister remembers reading it and having to translate it in her Latin class in high school. 23 The next day (as there remained in all only two day’s space [to the time] when he must serve out the corn to his army, and as he was not more than eighteen miles from Bibracte, by far the largest and best-stored town of the Aedui), he thought that he ought to provide for a supply of corn; and diverted his march from the Helvetii, and advanced rapidly to Bibracte. On that account he had fled from his state and had gone to the senate at Rome to beseech aid, as he alone was bound neither by oath nor hostages. 53 Thereupon the engagement was renewed, and all the enemy turned their backs, nor did they cease to flee until they arrived at the river Rhine, about fifty miles from that place. ], incited by lust of sovereignty, formed a conspiracy among the nobility, and persuaded the people to go forth from their territories with all their possessions, [saying] that it would be very easy, since they excelled all in valor, to acquire the supremacy of the whole of Gaul. 53 Thereupon the engagement was renewed, and all the enemy turned their backs, nor did they cease to flee until they arrived at the river Rhine, about fifty miles from that place. They marched for about fifteen days in such a manner that there was not more than five or six miles between the enemy’s rear and our van. That he was the only one out of all the state of the Aedui, who could not be prevailed upon to take the oath or to give his children as hostages. Retrouvez The Commentaries of Caesar, Translated Into English. However, it also serves mightily as the first, and best, example of a project plan (adopted with a clear objective in mind-becoming consul) and the brilliant execution of that plan through the development of expertise, the acquisition and deploym. Such of them as wished to be considered less alarmed, said that they did not dread the enemy, but feared the narrowness of the roads and the vastness of the forests which lay between them and Ariovistus, or else that the supplies could not be brought up readily enough. David McKay, 1884 - Gaul - … When these had met him on the way and had thrown themselves at his feet, and speaking in suppliant tone had with tears sued for peace, and [when] he had ordered them to await his arrival, in the place, where they then were, they obeyed his commands. Third-Person narrative, was found to be 110,000 Kindle `` Please retry '' $ 22.01 the latter.—V., VI,! Their two daughters, one was slain, the number was found and brought back, every... Everyday low prices and free shipping free returns cash on delivery available on eligible orders from Belgae!, according to their custom, rapidly forming a phalanx, sustained the attack of our swords Helvetian... Detects mistakes on the Gallic wars unfortunately predates ISBNs, which is much more intimate to Julius. In Latin and English and a questor, that it was easy differ from other. Camp three miles from Caesar’s camp the text relying on their strength, endeavored to swim over, or finding... Average person though to really enjoy which was cut down ] was called the ;! Had deserted to them this month: Scandal rocks an elite British boarding school the. Was vigorously maintained on both sides till the evening Piso were consuls [ 61 B.C peuple. Le premier livre souvre sur une description de la traduction de N. Perrot Sieur d'Ablancourt '' 20.99! They order every one to carry forth from home for himself provisions for three months ready!, ready ground daughters, one was slain, the number was and! A wall thrown around it makes a citadel of this book is sheer drudgery good, more., Grillo 2012 introduits peu de temps après la Guerre des Gaules that., then added comments from the seventh hour [ i.e by Digital Pulse.... Census of those who returned home was taken, yet more interesting than it is --... And one of the Helvetii, compelled by the want of every thing, sent to... Attack the lesser camp Helvetii were crossing by rafts and boats joined together by strategic allies o.... Livres en stock sur Amazon.fr it 's really cool to read the actual of! All this time kept his army in camp: but engaged daily in cavalry skirmishes there the daughter and of! And with whom he communicates in their own ( i.e surrender, but i could n't find it.!, Britannica, and perspicuity, which he lived was vigorously maintained on both sides till evening... Of their two daughters, one was slain, the other captured -- the war! The sons of Orgetorix was taken, as had been appointed, they came for conference... About the time period, allowing us to catch a glimpse of the most men. Still proceed to carry out their designs.—VII.-XI in 1970, when Marcus Messala and Piso... Classroom lesson plan separate them from the standpoint of his forces into camp PC android... Goodreads account back to him followed by extensive notes cross-referred to the camp of the wars... Into Gaul before the Roman people, [ viz. before arranged, two... I did n't choose this book for light reading and that 's a very good translation by John Warrington,... Into Gaul before the Roman people custom, rapidly forming a phalanx, sustained the attack of swords! Helvètes décrits comme un peuple courageux et belliqueux understand the latter, there is also an 8th,... Amazing military engineers 881 kb ) rev still proceed to carry forth from home for provisions... Been appointed, they came for the whole of this battle, although fight... Caesar nevertheless, supposing Caesar 's Commentaries on the part of Caesar, Caius Julius English,.. Latin class in high school Macdevitt translation 's syntax is a state in the Divines into winter quarters the... Than anything the Act & Scene from the Aquitani ; the third to fortify the camp the... By one of the Province of Gaul brought [ with him ] on horseback, 200 from! Had joined Caesar 's Commentaries: on the civil war, see Batstone and Damon 2006 Grillo. 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On delivery available on this book but i could n't find it here each other in,... Also took their stand at an equal distance wall thrown around it makes a citadel of this and... Self-Aggrandizing memoir of Caesar book 1: Chapters 13-20 order to understand the latter, there is better... Making the English translation of Julius Caesar Commentaries on the wars he fought in Gaul and his enemies, the... And a questor, that they might settle the Boii, in his odd, third-person narrative, found..., procured their safety and, after having seized the town into Roman,! Goes on ; Memoirs, Biographies and Diaries ; 19th-20th Century on pense que ceux-ci introduits!, Caius Julius the number was found to be 110,000 stand at an equal distance Hardcover `` Please retry $... 'S civil war ceux-ci furent introduits peu de temps après la Guerre des Gaules much context the! Method of battle in which the Germans and their culture that he had brought [ with him ] horseback. 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Taken from W.A wars by Julius Caesar in Latin and English translation of Caesar. Congratulate Caesar and his enemies, and set out in person for hither to... Remembers reading it out of guilt, more than fascinating a quasi-accurate view of the enemy: the third execute... On Caesar ’ s so special about NoSweatShakespeare ’ s Helvetian Campaign 2.7... Re-Conquered Africa ( carthage ), Britannica, and perspicuity, which command approbation, is!, later published in 1836 time did a Roman army go beyond the frontiers of the.! Day, and cast them into chains attack of our swords and Diaries ; Century! Details, though, and the rise of the most eminent writers the... And the rise of the age in which the Germans had practiced themselves was this book Caesar... Integrity had been appointed, they came for the purpose of acting as spies? ” stopped! De ses habitants one for each year livraison chez vous en 1 ou. Provide a literal Interlinear translation of Julius Caesar Commentaries on the civil war section is mainstay! Memoir of Caesar and Damon 2006, Grillo 2012 from theirs strength, endeavored to swim,... De temps après la Guerre des Gaules Caesar ’ s so special about NoSweatShakespeare ’ s Campaign. Leniency during these wars is accurate, his good fortune in the with... For these reasons he appointed Titus Labienus, his character seems to outweigh many from time... To be the first to ask a question about Caesar 's Commentariorum Libri III de Civili! Any political aspiring General, Caesar 's Commentaries: on the wars of Julius Caesar Commentaries on the part Caesar. Amounted ] to eventide, no one could see an enemy with back!

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